What Causes Asthma Attack And All you Need To Know

What Causes Asthma Attack And All you Need To Know

What’s asthma?

Asthma is a disease that affects the airways in your lungs. It is a chronic (ongoing) condition. The chronic condition does not go away and needs ongoing medical management.

Asthma affects more than 24 million people in the United States. This total includes nearly 5.5 million children. Asthma can be life-threatening if you don’t get treatment.

Types Of Asthma

Asthma can be

Allergic

Some people’s allergies can cause an asthma attack. Molds, pollens and other allergens can cause an attack.

Asthma Attack
Asthma Attack Common Allergins
Non-allergic

Outside factors can cause asthma to flare up. Exercise, stress, illness and weather may cause a flare.

What’s an asthma attack?

During an asthma attack, also called an asthma exacerbation, the airways swell and become inflamed. The muscles around the airways contract and the airways release extra mucus, narrowing the breathing tubes (bronchi).

During an attack, you may cough, wheeze, and have trouble breathing. Symptoms of a minor asthma attack improve with immediate home treatment. A severe asthma attack that does not improve with home treatment can become a life-threatening emergency.

Who can get asthma?

Anyone at any age can develop asthma. But the most common Asthma often runs in the family, although not everyone in the family will have it, Also People with allergies or people exposed to tobacco smoke and secondhand smoke are one which are more likely to develop asthma.

What causes asthma?

Healthcare providers find it hard to tell why some people have asthma while others don’t. But there certain factors present a higher risk

  • Allergies
  • Environmental factors
  • Genetics
  • Respiratory infections

In most cases An asthma attack occurs when someone comes into contact with substances that irritate them. Health care specialist call these substances “triggers.” Knowing your asthma triggers makes it easier to avoid asthma attacks.

asthma triger

What are the common asthma attack triggers?

  • Air pollution: Air pollution includes factory emissions, car exhaust, wildfire smoke and more.
  • Exercise: For some people, exercising can cause an attack.
  • Dust mites: You can’t see these bugs, but they are in many homes. If you have a dust mite allergy, they can cause an asthma attack.
  • Mold: Damp places can spawn mold. It can cause problems for people with asthma. You don’t even have to be allergic to mold to have an attack.
  • Pets: Your pets can cause asthma attacks. If you’re allergic to pet dander (dried skin flakes), breathing in the dander can irritate your airways.
  • Pests: Cockroaches, mice and other household pests can cause asthma attacks
  • Tobacco smoke: If you or someone in your home smokes, you have a higher risk of developing asthma. The best solution is to quit smoking.
  • Certain occupational exposures.
  • Strong chemicals or smells.

What are asthma symptoms?

People with asthma usually have obvious symptoms. These symptoms are similar to many respiratory infections:

  • Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath is an uncomfortable condition that makes it difficult to fully get air into your lungs

short of breeth

  • Chest tightness, pain or pressure

chest pain

  • Coughing (especially at night)
  • Wheezing.

Prevention

The best way to avoid an asthma attack is to make sure your asthma is well controlled in the first place. This means following a written asthma plan to track symptoms and adjust your medications.

When to see a doctor?

If your asthma worsens, immediately follow the treatment steps that you and your doctor have put into your written asthma plan. If symptoms and peak expiratory flow (PEF) readings improve, home treatment may be all that is needed. If your symptoms do not improve with home treatment, you may need to seek emergency care.

Attend to all scheduled doctor’s appointments. If you regularly have asthma flare-ups, or if your peak flow readings are low or other signs your asthma isn’t well controlled, make an appointment to see your doctor.

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